Important Events of WWI

Events

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

June 28, 1914

Due to tensions in Europe, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austria-Hungary throne) and his wife are assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. This causes a chain reaction of war being declared on one country after another to support allies and defeat their enemies.

Battle of Mons

August 23, 1914

Due to tensions in Europe, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austria-Hungary throne) and his wife are assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. This causes a chain reaction of war being declared on one country after another to support allies and defeat their enemies.

Battle of the Marne begins

September 5, 1914

Along the River Marne, German soldiers heading to Paris are counterattacked by French and British troops. After multiple battles, the armies keep attempting to outflank each other until they reach the Belgian coast.

First use of lethal gas by Germans

April 22, 1915

The first use of poison gas during any war, a move that would affect
the world for years upon years to come. Both sides had been experimenting, but the first real threat was when the Germans used a deadly gas to kill more than 1,000 Russian troops. This was not stopped here, as about 7,000 casualties were caused in just Belgium due to the Germans using gas in mass amounts.

German submarine attacks civilian passenger ship

May 7, 1915

A fearsome German submarine, or a U-boat, is patrolling though the waters before it attacks and sinks a civilian passenger liner, or a boat designed to carry people. About 1,200 people die in this attack about 128 of these being Americans. Germany had warned the currently neutral country before, but this move shocked the world and pushed the US a little closer to engaging in this raging war.

Britain introduces conscription

January 27, 1916

Due to heavy casualties while fighting the Germans, Britain introduced conscription to their country. Men from ages 18-41 were drafted into the war to help raise the country’s number of troops. Some with important jobs are not allowed to be drafted.

Battle of Verdun begins

February 21, 1916

On the Western front, the Germans plan to make a plethora of forts in hopes that France cannot take them and will lose many resources. This battle is the longest of the war, lasting a whole nine months with each side losing over 300,000 soldiers each.

U.S. enters WWI

April 6, 1917

Germany convinced Mexico to attack America, in addition to restarting the U-boats vs American ships. This causes many American deaths and causes them to step into the war against Germany.

Allies attack Germany with help from America

July 1918

Now with help from America, the Allies are able to pull off a series of attacks that mark the probable end of Germany’s chance at winning the war.

WWI ends with Armistice

November 11, 1918

An armistice is signed by Germany, before they surrender. This marks the end of WWI and the start of events that may lead to WWII. This is because of the Treaty of Versailles, which made Germany pay for the war and take most of the blame.