Colonization of Egypt


French Occupation

1789 - 1801

Napoleon sent an army and defeated the Mamluk army.

Defeat of French and rise of British involvement


Britain's navy and army defeated the French army.

Muhammad Ali

1807 - 1849

Muhammad Ali rises to power and gets an army of Mamluks. Defeats British and forces them out of the area for 75 years. Brought sweeping reforms, military success, and he is regarded as the founder.

British seize Egypt

1882 - 1954

British troops seize control of Egypt.

Egypt becomes a republic


Egypt is declared a republic and Muhammad Najib becomes the president.

British Troops leave Egypt


British troops finally leave Egypt.