Iran

Events

Formerly known as Persia, Iran is adopted as the country's official name.

1935

Formerly known as Persia, Iran is adopted as the country's official name.

The Shah's pro-Axis allegiance in World War II leads to the Anglo-Russian occupation of Iran and the deposition of the Shah in favour of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

1941

The Shah's policies alienate the clergy and his authoritarian rule leads to riots, strikes and mass demonstrations. Martial law is imposed.

1978

As the political situation deteriorates, the Shah and his family are forced into exile.

January 1979

The Islamic fundamentalist, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, returns to Iran following 14 years of exile in Iraq and France for opposing the regime.

February 1979

January - Abolhasan Bani-Sadr is elected the first president of the Islamic Republic. His government begins work on a major nationalization programme.

1980

The American hostages are released ending 444 days in captivity.

1981

After the US and Soviet Union halted arms supplies, the US attempted to win the release of hostages in Lebanon by offering secret arms deals, this would later become known as the Iran-Contra affair.

1985

290 passengers and the crew of an Iran Air Airbus are mistakenly shot down by the USS Vincennes.

1988

Iran accepts a ceasefire agreement with Iraq following negotiations in Geneva under the aegis of the UN.

1988