Period Four


Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses

October 31, 1517

Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther

January 3, 1521

Henry VIII seeks to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon


John Calvin establishes a theocracy in Geneva, Switzerland


Parliament approves the formation of the English Church (Act of Supremacy)


This was the first Act of Supremacy. There was another passed in 1559.

John Calvin publishes The Institutes of the Christian Religion


Ignatius Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

September 27, 1540

Pope Paul III begins the Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Peace of Augsburg recognizes the Lutheran Church

September 25, 1555

Henry VIII Protestant daughter Elizabeth takes the throne upon the death of her Catholic sister Mary, solidifying the Protestantism’s place in England

November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603