Napoleon Bonaparte was a french military leader and crowned himself emperor, he ordered a invasion onto Russia and failed and was exiled to Elbe and returned 3 years later for power and was later exiled again to Saint Helena.
In the First Estate the Roman Catholic Clergy controlled 5-10% of the land, and nobility controlled 25% which the peasants who lived and worked on the land collected feudal incomes, and in that time there was many poor people and peasants.
The King tried to stop the National Assembly, but caused a mob to overtake Bastille for weapons and great fear.
On July 14 a mob of people with many weapons began to gather around the Bastille, but Launay raised a white flag for surrender and instead of being arrested, he was instead pulled into the mob and murdered.
At least 300,000 suspects were arrested, 17,000 were executed, and 10,000 died in prison.
He led his army to invade Russia, but in Russia it was winter and for Napoleon's army suffered and decreased the number of the Grand Army Soldiers from 420000 to 10000. And taking advantage of that, Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Sweden joined forces and the french lost.
The allies redrew the map of Europe and restored the kings who had ruled before Napoleon.