The French had 1-3 estates that determined people's legal rights and status. The first estate had a 1% population, the second had a 2% population, and finally the third had an 97% population.The first estate was called the Roman Catholic Clergy.!
The Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
King Louis XVI called the general estates to a meet in 1789, the goal was to raise taxes to pay off debt. The National Assembly was to demand more power, vow a fair constitution and called t the Tennis Court Oath.
The storming of the Bastille
July 14, 1789
It started by the King trying to stop the National Assembly which had lead to a mob taking over Bastille. They did it to steal weapons. The greatest fear was the peasants taking over and revolting, also attacking landlords.
The Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793
People were assumed of being traitors. Therefore they were beheaded. In all 40,000 people were suspected of being traitors so all of them had been beheaded.
The Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire
Napoleon was a general who had defeated Austria and Northern Italy. The popularity that he had overthrew the government. He was a dictator but proclaimed as a republic.
Napoleon's Empire Collapses
In 1814 he crowns himself emperor and he was defeated. He was exiled to islands of Helena.
The Congress of Vienna
Allies redrew a map of Europe, restored the kings who had ruled before Napoleon. It was then peace in Europe.