French Revolution

Events

The Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire

1789 - 1804

Napoleon was a regular military officer and started to win tons of battle, so he was named general. He collected many followers and gained political power. Napoleon then crowned himself emperor.

Meeting of the Estates General

May 5, 1789

King Louis XVI called the meeting because of the French governments' financial problems. Each estate was supposed to get one vote each, and the National Assembly thought they should vote by how many people they had. King Louis XVI decided to take matters into his own hands and vote without them, and then the Tennis Court Oath happens.

The Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

The members of the National Assembly took the Tennis Court Oath. The Oath stated that they wouldn't separate and would reassemble whenever they needed to until the constitution of the kingdom was established. This was a very important event in the earlier days of the French Revolution.

The Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

The Storming of the Bastille was an important event that showed rebellion. The Townspeople raided the prison and and took their weapons. The prison was a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule.

The Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

The Reign of Terror lasted almost a year and was a terrible time of revolt. It started with Marie Antoinette. They executed an estimated 40,000 people with the guillotine.

Napoleon's Empire Collapses

May 30, 1814

Napoleon had a great reign while it lasted. After losing battles, his army weakened. He eventually got exiled to St. Helena because of his mistakes.

The Congress of Vienna

November 1814 - June 1815

The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of ambassadors of European states. They adjusted and resized the map of Europe. They also wanted to restore the balance of power and to prevent future aggression with strong countries.