Social Studies Annotated Timeline

Events

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

1905

Einstein theorized that while the speed of light is constant which is about 186,000 miles per second, other things that seem constant are not, it is called the theory of relativity. This idea from Einstein is significant is WWII by how people viewed the world.

Stalin begin to climb to the top of all government.

1922 - 1927

Joseph Stalin fought to be the leader of Russia

Approx. 1922

Lenin suffered a stroke which ignites the competition for heading up to the Communists Party. Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin fought to be the leader of Russia. Stalin, Born on December 18, 1879, in Gori, Georgia was a cold man. Stalin was in the government system as general secretary of the Communist Party while Lenin believed that Stalin was a dangerous man.

Great Depression

1927

Since American economic collapse, exportation became more expensive and almost all European countries suffered form that.

Stalin becomes dictator

1928

Stalin was in total command of the Communist Party. He story the original party and put his own people in as government officials. He soon forced people to go to work to speed up industrialization, this act decreased the population of unemployed rapidly. He also arrest people at night and took them to work in labor camps. His actions then turns out to be important in WWII since this brought him the potential to defeat Germany during the war with his well trained army.

Asia Suffer from Great Depression

1929 - 1931

Asian farmers and urban workers suffered since the value of exports fell by half.

Trotsky was exiled

1929

Trotsky was exiled so that he was no longer a threat towards Stalin.

Japan Invades Manchuria

1931

The Japanese watched the power struggles in China while they are fighting each other. Japanese forces invaded Manchuria while China was weak, an industrialized district was constructed in the northeast part of China.

The Nazis had become the largest political party.

1932

Hitler Joins the Nazis

1933

Conservative leaders advised President Paul von Hindenburg to name Hitler chancellor. Thus Hitler came to power legally.

Stalin turned against members of the Communist Party

1934

Hitler announced to absorb Austria and Czechoslovakia

1937

Hitler announced to his advisers to absorb Austria and Czechoslovakia into the Third Reich (German Empire). Although the Treaty of Versailles prohibited a union between Austria and Germany, many Austrians supported unity with Germany.

Stalin launched the Great Purge

1937

Stalin launched the Great Purge, which is a group of force that will eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin’s power. Thousands and thousands of old Bolsheviks who helped stage the Revolution were executed or sent to labor camps for “crimes against the Soviet state.”

Japan Invades China

1937 - 1938

Japanese forces swept into northern China. China’s army led by Jiang Jieshi has no chance of wining against the better equipped and trained Japanese army. Not long after that, Beijing, other northern cities and capital, Nanjing, fell to the Japanese. Japanese troops then killed tens of thousands of soldiers and civilians. This action caused Jiang Jieshi to set up a new capital at Chongqing while Chinese guerrillas led by Communist leader, Mao Zedong, continued to fight the Japanese in the conquered area.

Hitler demanded that the Sudetenland should be given to Germany

1938

After the Anschluss show signs about the raising of pro-Nazi feelings, Hitler demanded that the Sudetenland should be given to Germany. However, the Czechs refused and asked France for help.

Great Purge Ended

1938

Great Purge ended, Stalin had gained total control of the Soviet government and the Communist Party. During this time he was responsible for 8 million to 13 million deaths.

Hitler sent his army into Austria

1938

Hitler sent his army into Austria and annexed it while France and Britain didn't try to protect Austrian independence.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

1939

As Stalin talked with Britain and France about stopping Hitler, he was also working on an agreement with Hitler. They reached an agreement and signed t heNazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact that Fascist Germany and Communist Russia will never attack one another.