About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he ... wrought surprising feats.... He was the Christ. When Pilate ...condemned him to be crucified, those who had . . . come to love him did not give up their affection for him. On the third day he appeared ... restored to life.... And the tribe of Christians ... has ... not disappeared.
"Nero fastened the guilt ... on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of ... Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome...."
They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath, not to any wicked deeds, but never to commit any fraud, theft or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of food – but food of an ordinary and innocent kind.
On the eve of the Passover Yeshu was hanged. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald ... cried, "He is going forth to be stoned because he has practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy."
The Christians ... worship a man to this day – the distinguished personage who introduced their novel rites, and was crucified on that account.... [It] was impressed on them by their original lawgiver that they are all brothers, from the moment that they are converted, and deny the gods of Greece, and worship the crucified sage, and live after his laws.
The old orthodox were martyred because they didn't want to change the way they held their fingers when crossing themselves.
The protestant reformation was anything but peaceful.
The gates of hell will not prevail against the church?
The Apostles approved teachers and overseers in their place. And those that were approved, approved of other teachers and overseers in their place.
Documents Uniformity of Church Structure
Onesimus, bishop of Ephesians
Damus, bishop of Magnesians
Polybius, bishop of Tralians
Romans, calls himself Bishop of Syria
Peter and Paul were in Rome
Be at one with your bishop
Follow your bishop
Letter to Polycarp
Defends church against accusations of having canibalistic feasts at night
Portrays Baptismal Services
Chronicler of the early church
Wrote book Hypomnemata
Quoted by Historian Eusebius
Lists of bishops demonstrates true Christian authority to declare Christian truth in the fight against the Gnostic heretics. LOGIC: If your teaching is true show us where your teaching authority originated. You should be able to trace it back to the apostles unless it is a false teaching. You should at least be able to trace it back to somewhere in the early church. The church speaks throughout the whole world as if she had a single mouth...why do the gnostics speak differently?
Let these heretics produce the original records of their churches. Show us where your teachers link back to the apostles. Polycarp placed in authority by John, Clement placed in authority by Peter.
1) How prayers should be ended
2) How to baptize
3) Offices in the church
House church. Several walls still standing, oldest images of Jesus discovered within the surviving frescoes of the large baptistry room. Fragments of parchment scrolls with Hebrew texts unearthed containing Christian Eucharistic prayers closely connected with the prayers in the Didache.
Ruins discovered on prison grounds in 2005, possibly oldest building constructed as a church ever discovered. It retains mosaic floor decoration with Christian motifs – possibly the oldest building with this feature.
Wrote history from apostolic times to his own day
Martyred by Herod Acts 10
Baptized into Christ but had not yet received the Holy Spirit. Phillip wasn't an apostle, but a deacon. Peter and John came and the Samaritans received the Holy Spirit at this time.
Acts10 - Cornelius in Ceasarea "God Fearer". Worshipped Jewish God but uncircumcised. Peter baptized him and then justfied his action to the church in Jerusalem. Received the Holy Spirit and were baptized in to Christ as a result.
Barnabas went from Jerusalem when he heard there were believers in Antioch. Then Barnabas went to Tarsus to get Paul and returned to Antioch
Not like sitting around in your living room. They were houses converted into churches
Soul is good; Body is Bad; Special knowledge is key
Polycarp visited to discuss date of Easter
Jesus is an expression of God, he is the Father as well and the Father is Jesus
Beneath Thy Protection (Greek: Ὑπὸ τὴν σὴν εὐσπλαγχνίαν; Latin: Sub tuum præsidium) is the oldest preserved extant hymn to the Blessed Virgin Mary as Theotokos.