Taliban

Events

Soviet Union soldiers to Afghanistan

1973

The Soviet Union sends soldiers to Afghanistan under the claim they want to help rebuild Afghanistan's economy.

U.S. funds Mujahedeen to fight Soviet Union

1979 - 1989

For 9 years, the Mujahedeen fight against Soviet troops in Afghanistan until finally, the Soviets withdraw. The country is left war-torn.

Soviet Union officially invades Afghanistan

10/25/1979

The U.S. and the Soviet Union are in The Cold War. The U.S. does not like the idea of Soviet Union gaining power in Central Asia.

Soviet Troops withdraw - defeated by Mujahedeen

2/15/1989

Troops withdraw, but the region is left in an unstable and war-torn. Many factions fought for control and it was not a peaceful time.

The Taliban gains prominence in Afghanistan

1994

In the early 1990s the Taliban emerges in Northern Pakistan before gaining ground in Afghanistan. The movement promised to restore peace and security through strict enforcement of Islamic law.

Attacks on World Trade Center

9/11/2001

al-Qaeda led a terrorist attack on the U.S. by crashing airplanes into the World Trade Center towers. Taliban was connected because they were protecting and influencing al-Qaeda and the terror movement.

U.S. coalition drives Taliban out of Afghanistan

10/7/2001

The Taliban leader, Mullah Omar was not captured, but the Taliban was scattered and laid low for several years.

Malala Yousafzai shot by Taliban

10/2012

Malala was shot by the Taliban to send a message about girls going to school. She did not die and instead continues to speak out for Afghani girls

Bibliography

Approx. 2013

Lawrence, Quil. “Chaos After Soviet Withdrawal Gave Rise To Taliban.” NPR, NPR, 7 Dec. 2010, www.npr.org/2010/12/07/131884473/Afghanistan-After-The-Soviet-Withdrawal.

Rubin, Michael. 2002. Who Is Responsible for the Taliban? Middle East Review of International Affairs 6 (1). http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/2002/issue1/jv6n1a1.html.