The earliest known Japanese civilization
Made dogu clay figures & had pottery
An ancient Japanese society with many localized kings; the rulers were aristocratic warriors.
They built tombs called kofun, and the size of the tomb indicated the strength of the local polity.
A period of centralization under the Fujiwara Clan
Emperor Temmu set up the Japanese state; Korean immigrants brought Buddhism, Writing, and Metalworking
The aristocratic Fujiwara defeated the Soba Clan, a group of Korean immigrants.
The Fujiwara then prompted statebuilding reforms.
Prompted statebuilding; backed by the Fujiwara
Surveyed land for a tax system, set up a national army, and passed laws
Period noted for the Emperor's strength and strong Chinese influence
Rulers adopted Buddhism for protection & monasteries became strong; Kojiki & Nihon Shoki authored
A period notable for the courtship-culture of the aristocracy & a power-struggle between monks, samurai, and aristocrats. The Fujiwara were on the rise.
Capital moved to Kyoto.
A military leader who protected the seated emperor against the retired emperor & Minamoto Tameyoshi.
He then fought his former ally, Minamoto Yoshitomo in the Heiji Disturbance.
After trying to install his grandson as emperor, Minamoto Yoritomo & Emperor Go-Shirakawa defeated him, founding the Kamakura Shogunate.
Acquired guns from missions and conquered 2/3 of Japan; burned monasteries
"Pounded the Cake"
A former commoner whose illusions of grandeur led to two failed Chinese invasions; the successor to Oda Nobunaga
"Kneaded the Cake" by banning swords & switching social status