Tiered Timeline (1776 - 1865) by Gabe Rigsby

Ideas

Slavery - Some humans are not equal

Approx. 1760 - 1865

The most devisive and impactful idea in the history of the nation. It spotlighted hypocrisy in the words of the Declaration of independence. Yet, it drove economic prosperity through economic inequality. It drove discrimination and hatred. It literally divided a nation in two. The Union (North) and the Confederacy (South).

1619 - Kidnapped African humans were Introduced and sold in Virginia colony
1641 - Legalized in the 13 colonies
1860 - 1,000,000 African humans were being Trafficked in the 13 colony's
1865 - Slavery lawfully abolished

Independence

Approx. 1774 - Approx. 1870

Declaration of Independence

1776

Adopted by the Second Continental Congress that determined the thirteen colonies were independent states separate from Britain.

Manifest Destiny

1845 - Approx. 1870

Mindset that believe God had destined the United States to stretch from coast to coast. Coined by John O’Sullivan.

This led to cruel and brutal treatment of native Americans. Are "All" men created equal?

Political Eras

Jeffersonian Era

1800 - 1815

Nearly doubled the size of the territory by the Louisiana Purchase from France. Defeated Indian groups.

War of 1812

1812

Era of Good Feelings

1816 - 1825

Took place after War of 1812 and marked a period of national unity.

Jacksonian Era

1824 - 1840

A period of time marked by significant growth and expansion, marked the period of a manufacturing economy.

Political Parties

Democratic republican party

1828

Inspired by Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party. Their predominant political worldview was social conservatism and economic liberalism.

Whig Party formed

1834

A political party that was formed by Henry Clay in opposition of the political party founded by Andrew Jackson. They were against the Second Bank of the United States.

Know-Nothing Party formed

1845

This party was a response to anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic sentiments at the time.

Free-Soil Party formed

1848

Free-Soil Party was focused on one issue, slavery. They opposed the expansion of slavery across the U.S.

Republican Party formed

1854

A political party formed to rebut Andrew Jackson’s handling of slavery. Political worldview of social and political conservatism.

Social Issues

Hypocrisy of Slavery

1776 - 1865

1776 - Declaration of Independence was signed declaring that "All men were created equal." Yet, it took 89 years and a Civil War before Slavery would be abolished.

Petticoat Affair

1829 - 1831

Scandal during Jackson’s presidency between cabinets members and the Secretary of War and his wife. Ultimately led to all but one cabinet member being removed from office.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Arts

Hudson River School

1825 - 1848

An art movement that depicted pastoral scenes in the Hudson River Valley, Castskills, White Mountains.

The Course of Empires

1833 - 1836

Series of five paintings by artist Thomas Cole depicting the rise and fall of an imaginary city.

Economics

Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

The process by which new manufacturing processes were developed and implemented. Increased the standard of living for most Americans. Our modern capitalist society emerged from the Industrial Revolution.

Farming

Approx. 1770 - Approx. 1865

Was a huge industry driven by slave labor

Boston Tea Party

1773

Taxation without Representation
Raiders were dressed like Indians

National Bank

1791 - 1811

Chartered by the First Congress.The creation of the bank was essential to being able to run the government business created by the Constitution.

Religion

2nd Great Awakening

1790 - 1859

A movement marked by emotion and enthusiasm towards the supernatural; romanticism. Spread rapidly among Baptists and Methodists.

Mormons

1830

Was the only new religious tradition founded in the nineteenth century.

Geography

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Purchased what is now 15 US states for $15 million.

Florida Purchase

1803 - 1822

A portion of Florida was included in the Louisiana Territory, and the final remnants of East Florida were annexed in the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1822.

Texas Annexation

1845

On December 29, 1845 Texas became the 28th state of the United States.

The Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

First president, set precedents for every other president to follow.  Was the president of the Constitutional Convention that revised the failed Articles of Confederation.

John Adams

1797 - 1801

2nd president, and 1st vice president. Served as delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress which declared U.S. independence.

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

3rd president. Founding Father of U.S. Drafted the Declaration of the Independence. Louisiana Purchase.

James Madison

1809 - 1817

4th president. Founding Father. Declared war on Britain in the War of 1812.

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

5th president. Last founding father to serve as president.Treaty of 1818. Adams-Onis Treaty in 1819 defined the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean on the 42nd parallel, establishing U.S. as a global empire.

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

6th president. Assisted in shaping American foreign policy. Drafted Treaty of Ghent which successfully ended the War of 1812.

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

7th president. His presidency was marked by actions that advanced commoners. The Whig Party was formed in opposition of Andrew Jackson’s efforts.

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

8th president. Founding member of the Democratic Party. Assisted in resolving the Petticoat Affair in 1831.

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

10th president who supported states’ rights.

William Henry Harrison

1841

9th president. Key contributor to the War of 1812. Died in 31 days into his term as president.

James Polk

1845 - 1849

11th president. Andrew Jackson’s protege. Advocate of Manifest Destiny.

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

12th president. Died in office. He was a war hero from the Mexican-American War. Only president to date from Louisiana.

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

13th president. Last member of the Whig Party. Passed the Compromise of 1850.

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

14th president. Widely regarded as one of the worst presidents of American history. Drafted Kansas-Nebraska Act with Stephen Douglas and upset the anti-slavery groups which would inevitably lead to the American Civil War.

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

15th president. Remained unmarried. Served as president after the Civil War.