Democratic/Republican Party Timeline

Democratic Party

Democratic Republican Party Created

1790

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison create the Democratic-Republican Party

Thomas Jefferson Elected President

1800

Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st Democratic-Republican Elected President

Era of Good Feelings

1800 - 1824

A time period where no one challenged the Democratic-Republicans

Andrew Jackson Loses 1824 Election

1824

Andrew Jackson loses the Election of 1824 to John Quincy Adams even though he won in both the Electoral College and Popular Vote

Jackson Elected in 1828 and 1832

1828 - 1836

Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren form the Modern Democratic party after 1824 in favor of states rights. Jackson becomes the first democrat elected president.

Martin Van Buren Elected in 1836

1836 - 1840

Andrew Jackson's Vice President Martin Van Buren was elected President

James K. Polk Elected in 1844

1844 - 1848

James K. Polk was elected president in 1844 on the platform of national expansion

The Democratic National Committee Created

1848

The DNC was created and is in charge of developing the party platform. It is still in existence today

Franklin Piece Elected in 1852

1852 - 1856

Franklin Piece was Elected president in 1852

James Buchanan Elected in 1856

1856 - 1860

James Buchanan elected president in 1856

Democratic Party Splits in 1860

1860

The Democratic Party splits into two groups: the Northern Democrats and the Southern Democrats due to the issue of slavery. This allows for the Republicans to gain power

Grover Cleveland Elected in 1884

1884 - 1888

Grover Cleveland serves his first term as the U.S. President from 1884-1888 to break a drought of Democratic presidencies

Grover Cleveland Re-Elected in 1892

1892 - 1896

Becomes the only president to serve on two non-consecutive terms.

William Jennings Bryan Nominee in 1896

1896

William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic nominee in 1896

William Jennings Bryan Nominee in 1900

1900

William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic Nominee in 1900

William Jennings Bryan Nominee in 1908

1908

Williams Jennings Bryan was Democratic nominee in 1908

Woodrow Wilson Elected in 1912 and 1916

1912 - 1920

Woodrow Wilson begins the shift of Democrats being advocates for states rights to the idea of federal power with his New Freedom Platform. Institutes Federal Trade Commision, Federal Reserve, and Federal Income Tax

Alfred E. Smith Nominated in 1920 as First Catholic

1920

the Democrats nominate the first Catholic in 1920 in Alfred E. Smith

FDR Elected in 1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944

1932 - 1948

Completely shifts the democrats to federal power. Implements the New Deal which includes the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Social Security System

Harry Truman Elected in 1945 and 1948

1945 - 1953

Harry Truman elected president twice, even though the democratic party splits into both north and south democrats

Strom Thurmond nominated in 1948

1948

Strom Thurmond led the Dixiecrats (Southern Democrats) in the election of 1948

JFK Elected in 1960

1960 - 1963

JFK first ever catholic president. Wants to put a man on the moon by the end of the 60s. LBJ was his vice president

Assassination of JFK in 1963

1963

JFK assassinated. LBJ takes office

1964 Civil Rights Act

1964

LBJ's administration passes the Civil Rights Act which makes the democratic more popular among the Black Community.

Eugene McCarthy Runs in 1968

1968

Eugene McCarthy was anti-Vietnam war. "Get Clean for Gene"

Jimmy Carter Elected in 1976

1976 - 1980

Jimmy Carter becomes president after the Watergate Scandal of Nixon. Under him, the Middle East Peace Corps. occurred

Clinton Elected in 1992

1992 - 2000

Bill Clinton becomes a Centrist and defeats George H.W. Bush in 92. Under him the economy booms. His second term was full of scandal with Monica Lewinsky and was impeached

Al Gore Loses in 2000

2000

Al Gore loses the 2000 election even though he won the popular vote. He lost in electoral votes to George Bush

John Kerry Nominated in 2004

2004

Kerry loses to George Bush in the 2004 election

Barrack Obama Elected in 2008

2008 - 2016

Barrack Obama becomes the first African-American president and wins two terms

Republican Party

Republican Party Created in 1854

1854

The Republican party is created to stop the spread of slavery.

Abraham Lincoln Elected in 1860

1860 - 1864

Abraham Lincoln becomes the first republican president and keeps the union together through the Civil War and abolishes slavery

GOP Name Coined

1884

The GOP becomes the acronym for the Grand Old Party to describe the nation's majority party

William McKinley Elected in 1896

1886 - 1900

Theodore Roosevelt Elected in 1904

1900 - 1908

One of the Republican presidents during the republican dominance from the 1890s to 1930s

Warren G. Harding Elected in 1920

1920 - 1923

Harding crushed Wilson by 7 million votes to become president.

Calvin Coolidge Becomes President

1923 - 1929

Calvin Coolidge takes over after Harding's death. He then wins the upcoming election

Herbert Hoover Elected President

1929 - 1933

Under Hoover's administration the Stock Market crashed so he was only in office for one term

Dwight D. Eisenhower Elected in 1953

1953 - 1961

Eisenhower breaks up a 36-year reign of democratic dominance in the presidencies

Richard Nixon Elected in 1968

1968 - 1974

Nixon becomes president, but then steps down because of the Watergate scandal

Gerald Ford Becomes President in 1974

1974 - 1976

Ford takes over after Nixon steps down. He is part of the divided government with legislature controlled by democrats and executive offices by republicans

Ronald Reagan Elected in 1980

1980 - 1988

Reagan becomes president with conservative beliefs.

George H.W. Bush Elected in 1988

1988 - 1992

George H.W. Bush was elected in 1988 for one term

George W. Bush Elected in 2000

2000 - 2008

George W Bush wins two terms as the president in 2000 and 2004

National Events

Events that affected both parties

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Reconstruction Era

1865 - 1877

The time period after the Civil War where the rights of African Americans needed to be guaranteed

Panic of 1893

1893

Economic issues lead to a Republican landslide at the midterm election

World War I

1914 - 1919

The U.S. enters WWI under the Wilson administration

Versailles Treaty Signed in 1919

1919

Stock Market Crash/ Great Depression

1929 - 1941

the Stock Market crashes and the Great Depression begins

World War II

December 7, 1941 - 1945

"a day that will live in infamy." After the bombing of pearl harbor on December 7, 1941, FDR enters America into WWII

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

The Vietnam War occurs and leads to LBJ being unable to overcome this foreign policy