AP World Timeline

Events

Asia (China/India)

Neolithic Revolution

5,000 BCE

Before the revolution, many people were hunter and gatherers. They were nomadic, as in they never settled anywhere, and followed their food. During the revolution, nomads became settlers, and it brought technological advances, and agriculture which led to big cities and towns.

Polynesian Migration

1600 BCE

Polynesians explored millions of miles of ocean and settled on habitable islands in the Pacific. The first migration was in the Bismarck Archipelago, Samoa, and Tonga in 1600 BCE and they started to go toward the Americas. They brought lots of goods and crops with them and allowed for trade.

Start of Hinduism

1500 BC

Hinduism is more a way of life. The believers were separate in a caste system. This religion was spread orally, allowing it to great faster among the uneducated population of Ancient India.

Start of Confucian Philosophy

551 BCE - 476 BCE

This belief system was to respect traditions and the ones above you in the social hierarchy. They believed you must respect your elders, the men in the family, and your ancestors. They also had rituals believed to lead to social harmony.

Persia

550 BCE - 330 BCE

The Persian Empire had been around for 2 centuries and united many empires during that time period. They were religiously tolerant. Their fall was because of the conquering by the Greeks.

The Start of Buddhism

530 BCE

Founded in the late 6th century BCE by ‘Siddhartha Gautama’ AKA Buddha. They believe that in order to achieve true happiness, you must get rid of all the greed and desire of material worth, which causes unsatisfactory and suffering. After Buddha died, Buddhism spread because of his followers.

Daoism (Taosim)

500 BCE

It started in the 6th century BCE. It was founded by Laozi, meaning 'old master.' You had to reject formal knowledge and learning, rely on your sense adn instincts, discover the rhythm of the universe, and ignore politcal and social laws to be follow Daoism. You had to be able to live free as an individual and avoid government confrontation.

The Building of the Great Wall

221 BCE - 1644

The wall was built to help defend from invading Northeners. it started during the Qin dynasty but to the point where it had completely finished building after all the expansions, rebuilding, and restructuring was in 1644 by the Ming Dynasty when it fell. There were some points in time, where the Great Wall of China did not successfully defend against invaders.

Legalism

221 BCE

There is no exact date as in to when Legalism was founded, but it was there during the Qin Dynasty. The people who followed Legalism had to follow the stronger and live with harsh rule and order. They had to ignore education and understadn that law is supreme and replaces morality.

Han China

206 BC - 220 CE

Before the fall of Han China, this region had a period of peace and steady growth, with no fighting. Under the Han, science and technology grew with new inventions. It was also considered the largest empire to date because it expanded all the way to Vietnam and North Korea.

Silk Road

130 BCE - 1453 CE

130 BCE to 1453 CE. It allowed people from Asia travel to Rome to trade goods. It was unsafe at first because of the thieves, but they eventually got safer because cities were built alongside of the Silk Road. Goods like silk and gold was traded between people from other countries.

Beginning of Islam

610 CE

Islam is one of the youngest religions. Their prophet was Muhammad and people believe that their holy book, Quran, was given to them by God, Allah. Allah supposedly created the Earth according to their beliefs.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

The Tang Dynasty spread to the west, north, and south. Emperor Tang developed transportation that was used during the Sui Dynasty The Tang Dynasty also expanded the beauracracy and this became important to the government. Diseases and starvation led to the end of the dynasty.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

The Song Dynasty started in 960 and ended in 1279. It has a wonderful economy and dynamic culture and was considered the ‘Golden Age.’ It came to end because of the decades of so much war.

Genghis Khan Building the Empire

1206 CE - 1227 CE

Genghis Khan was a strong ruler who would destroy any city or man that would get in his way. He would kill anyone who didn't want to join his empire, but he treated the people in his kingdom fairly. He had instated rules so that what ever he endured, no one else would go through. He died around 1227 CE, but the Mongol Empire kept going even though he was not alive to keep building it.

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

The Yuan Dynasty united China after 30 years or more of separation. Due to this, cultures combined and spread throughout the entire dynasty. There were lots of technological advances happening. Movable printing was made efficient during the Yuan Dynasty.

Ibn Battuta’s Journey

1325 - 1354

Ibn was 20 years old. He wanted to travel to the pilgrimage to Mecca to complete the fifth pillar. The travels lasted 29 years visiting 44 countries and visited many non-Muslim islands and most of the Islamic world.

Ming China

1368 - 1644

It started in 1368 and ended in 1644. The Ming Dynasty made China so strong and powerful. It influenced the trade world and brought lots of cultures. They got rid of the remaining Mongols as well. But it ended with a peasant rebellion from the South.

Voyages of Zheng He

1405 CE - 1433 CE

There were 7 expeditions led by him. He traveled from China to Southeast Asia and on the Southwest coast of India. He was able to trade with goods between each other.

Mughal Empire (India)

1526 - 1857

1526 – 1857. It was started by Babur and they also had an immensely powerful and large army. They also had a very well organized political system. During this time, they built the Taj Mahal in India and had lots of culture

The Rise of the Daiymo in Japan

1568 - 1582

The first daiymo was Oda Nobunaga. Oda and his other samuris took over Kyoto in 1568. He was considered the unifer of Japan along with his others fellow samuari. Oda unified 1/3 of present-day Japan.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

This dynasty brought improvements to art, literature, and printing. Chinese literature and encyclopedias were available for all which allowed people to have lots of knowledge and literature among the region. The painters are considered individualist or orthodox masters.

Europe

Dark Age

1000 BCE - 750 BCE

Life was tribal and primitive. They had mountains, insufficient farmland, and deep harbors. Their art was more sloppy, less detailed, and didn't incorporate light and depth like the Renaissance. They had independent city-states and founded colonies on the Mediterranean Coast.

Athens

900 BCE

It was a democratic, leading city-state. Athens developed cultural innovations that are still used today which transformed Greece into a classical civilization. They believed men should be in more power and women didn't have the same rights as men.

Rome

753 BCE - 509 BCE

After the civil war, Octavian began to shape Rome the way he wanted. He accomplished making family values important, kept the peace, and had lots of prosperity. Rome also invented roads, which allowed for faster transportation.

Sparta

431 BCE

Sparta was an aristocratic/ military city-state on the Peloponnesian peninsula. THey did not care too much about art, literature, or science. They remained agricultural and cared more about the military.

Alexander the Great

336 BC - 323 BC

He was the king of Macedon and Persia. He had the largest empire in the ancient world and had one of the strongest military minds ever. Everywhere he conquered, there was a city named after him called Alexandria.

Greece

146 BCE

Greece became a part of the Roman Empire in Europe around 146 BCE. The Romans were angry at the Greeks and fooled them into thinking they were independent. The romans conquered them but decide for them to join the Roman Empire.

Beginning of Christianity

Approx. 0 BC

It started in Jerusalem in the year 0. God is the being who created and preserved all things. The people loved God and Jesus Christ.

Byzantine Empire

330 CE - 1453 CE

One big accomplishment by the Byzantine Empire is the spreading of the Greek/ Roman culture. They also preserved European culture. They were conquered by the Ottomans, more specifically: 21-year-old Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror.

Invention of the Astrolabe

800 CE - 1200 CE

The astrolabe was invented between 220 BCE and 150 BCE, but they weren't commonly used until 800 and the early 12th century in the Islamic world. The astrolabe is a tool to make astronomical measurements, helping you measuring the distance between stars.

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1922

1299 – 1922. They were powerful and were Muslim. They had conquered the weakened remnants of the Byzantine Empire and became a threat to others. A main reason for decline was because of all the fighting and war between the Ottoman Empire and other countries.

Renaissance

1300 - 1700

The Renaissance was the rebirth, mainly in Italy. One of the reasons this occurred was because of the Black Death. The art style has changed as well, as it got more detailed and complex with light, which gave depth.

Black Death

1347 - 1350

The Black Death was a plague that spread across the European continent. It claimed one third of the entire population. Surfs were claimed the most by this plague. Christians believed that Jews were the ones to blame for this epidemic.

Columbian Exchange

1492

The exchange started in 1492 and it was trade between the Old World and the New World. They traded citrus fruits, grains, potatoes, livestock, corn, tobacco, tomato, coffee, and even diseases. They had technology that transformed the Europeans and Natives way of life. The exchange started in 1492 and it was trade between the Old World and the New World. They traded citrus fruits, grains, potatoes, livestock, corn, tobacco, tomato, coffee, and even diseases. They had technology that transformed the Europeans and Natives way of life.

Peter the Great

1682 - 1696

Peter wanted to have control of the throne, but in order to have the throne, he had to defeat his half-sisters and her supporters. He brought Western European Naval engineers to build a ship similar to Western models. He increased taxes for the lower class even more.

Africa

Neolithic Revolution

8,000 BCE

Before the revolution, many people were hunter and gatherers. They were nomadic, as in they never settled anywhere, and followed their food. During the revolution, nomads became settlers, and it brought technological advances, and agriculture which led to big cities and towns.

Trans-Saharan Trade Route

700 CE - 1700 CE

This trade route connected regions like Egypt to Sub-Africa. In order to cross the Sahara, travelers used camels. The main good traded in this trade route was salt and gold.

Indian Ocean Trade Route

800 CE - 1500 CE

This trade route was very successful along the Eastern coast of Africa. They trade iron, gold, ivory, etc. They traded those goods with India, Southeast Asia, and China.

Mansa Musa and the Mali Empire

1280 - 1337

He was the medieval African ruler of the Mali Empire. Mansa Musa conquered 24 cities during his time of reign. He had made the Mali Empire grow tremendously.

Songhai Empire

1375 - 1591

Some of the achievements of the Songhai empire was the creeation of a standardized weight system and system of measurements. This empire was the largest unified region under one rule to modern day. There was even a trading and fishing center on the Niger River in a place called Gao.

Middle Passage

1500

This was a trade of slaves between Africa and America, but there was trading between Africa, America, and Europe with goods from the Old and New. The slaves that were on the ships had to stay in the boat for a long time and had unhealthy living in the boats. This trade included the Transatlantic slave trade.

Americas

Polynesian Migration

1600 BCE

Polynesians explored millions of miles of ocean and settled on habitable islands in the Pacific. The first migration was in the Bismarck Archipelago, Samoa, and Tonga in 1600 BCE and they started to go toward the Americas. They brought lots of goods and crops with them and allowed for trade.

Columbian Exchange

1492

The exchange started in 1492 and it was trade between the Old World and the New World. They traded citrus fruits, grains, potatoes, livestock, corn, tobacco, tomato, coffee, and even diseases. They had technology that transformed the Europeans and Natives way of life.