The british in india

Events

The East India Company

1757

The East India Company takes political control in India. Robert Clive leads a British military force to victory at Plassey against the Nawab of Bengal. As a result, the East India Company takes political control over a large swath of India, despite its background as a trading company.

The Sepoy Rebellion breaks out in India.

1857

Parliament puts India directly under control of the British crown.

1858

After the Sepoy Rebellion, Parliament ends the rule of the East India Company and places India directly under control of the British crown.

The Suez Canal opens

1869

On November 17, 1869, the Suez Canal opens, and British trade with India greatly increases. The system favors the British, who flood India with inexpensive, machine-made textiles.

Mahatma Gandhi launches a campaign of noncooperation

1920

Gandhi begins the Salt March.

1930

Britain agrees to grant India independence.

1947