Educational Reform

Events

First Public Highschool

1821

This high school was the first of its kind and was founded in Boston.

Massachusetts starts reform

1827

Massachusetts passes a law requiring towns of more than 500 to have a high school.

Horace Mann

1837

Horace Mann, an education activist and reformer, becomes secretary of the Massachusetts state board of education. He works for increased funding of public schools and better training for teachers.

African Institute

1837

First African Institute opens in Pennsylvania, a step forward in the treatment of free African-Americans.

Public Library

1854

First Public Library opens in Boston.

NTA

1857

The National Teachers Association is founded.

Howard University

1867

Howard University is established in Washington D.C. to provide education to African American youth.

Stanford University

1891

Prestigious school of Stanford University is founded.

Alpha Beta Tests

1917

As the U.S. enters World War 1, Louis Termon and his team develop Alpha and Beta tests for the Army to determine the intellectual capabilities of cadets, and while this has little effect on the war, it sets the groundwork for standardized testing.

AFT

1918

American Federation of Teachers is founded, implementing a more cohesive system for teachers rights