On International Women’s Day, demonstrators and striking workers – many of whom are women – take to the streets to protest against food shortages and the war. Two days later, the strikes spread across Petrograd.
Virtually every industrial enterprise in Petrograd had been shut down
Tsar ordered the army to suppress the rioting by force, troops began to mutiny.
Tsar Nicholas II abdicates and also removes his son from the succession. The following day Nicholas’ brother Mikhail announces his refusal to accept the throne. A Provisional Government is formed to replace the tsarist government, with Prince Lvov becoming the leader.
Lenin arrived by train to a tumultuous reception at Finland Station in Petrograd.
The Milyukov note: A telegram sent to the Allied Powers by Foreign Minister Pavel Milyukov states the Provisional Government’s intention to continue the war. The note is leaked, resulting in protests and increased support for the Bolsheviks.
Provisional Government launched an attack against Germany that failed miserably.
Bolsheviks seize control of Petrograd.
The Bolsheviks take control of the Winter Palace, the last remaining holdout of the Provisional Government.
The Decree on the Press, the first Bolshevik censorship decree, abolishes the ‘bourgeois’ press.
The Decrees on Land (proclaiming abolition of private property and the redistribution of the land amongst the peasantry), and Peace (proposing an immediate withdrawal of Russia from the First World War), are issued by the new Bolshevik government. Subsequent workers’ decrees outline measures for an eight-hour working day, minimum wage and the running of factories. The death penalty is abolished once again.