Russian Revolution

Events

Putilov Workers go on Strike

March 8, 1917

On International Women’s Day, demonstrators and striking workers – many of whom are women – take to the streets to protest against food shortages and the war. Two days later, the strikes spread across Petrograd.

Petrograd Industry Shuts Down

March 10, 1917

Virtually every industrial enterprise in Petrograd had been shut down

Tsar orders army to suppress riots

March 11, 1917

Tsar ordered the army to suppress the rioting by force, troops began to mutiny.

Tsar Nicholas II abdicates

March 15, 1917

Tsar Nicholas II abdicates and also removes his son from the succession. The following day Nicholas’ brother Mikhail announces his refusal to accept the throne. A Provisional Government is formed to replace the tsarist government, with Prince Lvov becoming the leader.

Lenin Arrives in Petrograd

April 16, 1917

Lenin arrived by train to a tumultuous reception at Finland Station in Petrograd.

The Milyukov Note

May 1, 1917

The Milyukov note: A telegram sent to the Allied Powers by Foreign Minister Pavel Milyukov states the Provisional Government’s intention to continue the war. The note is leaked, resulting in protests and increased support for the Bolsheviks.

Provisional Government Attacks Germany

June 18, 1917

Provisional Government launched an attack against Germany that failed miserably.

Bolsheviks seize Petrograd

November 7, 1917

Bolsheviks seize control of Petrograd.

Bolsheviks take over Government

November 8, 1917

The Bolsheviks take control of the Winter Palace, the last remaining holdout of the Provisional Government.

Decree on the Press, Decrees on Land

November 9, 1917

The Decree on the Press, the first Bolshevik censorship decree, abolishes the ‘bourgeois’ press.
The Decrees on Land (proclaiming abolition of private property and the redistribution of the land amongst the peasantry), and Peace (proposing an immediate withdrawal of Russia from the First World War), are issued by the new Bolshevik government. Subsequent workers’ decrees outline measures for an eight-hour working day, minimum wage and the running of factories. The death penalty is abolished once again.