the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty. The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas. John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas. Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision
African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia;
Brown is captured and hung.
Abraham Lincoln wins the election of 1860
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote. In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
The Confederate States of America is formed
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.