Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #4 Annabelle

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Northwest Ordinance

1787

banned slavery north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi

3/5 Compromise

1788

The Constitution is ratified with the 3/5 compromise regarding slaves

Free States vs. Slave States

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

#'s of slaves vs. free states

1819

of free states=11

of slave states=11

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

Missouri Compromise

1821

Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.

The Liberator

1821

William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.

Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass

1845

Douglass publishes narrative after he escapes from slavery

US and Mexico Treaty

1848

US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory

California applies for statehood

1849

California applies for for statehood as a free state.

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

1849

Harriet Tubman escapes slavery with the Underground Railroad

Compromise of 1850

1850

Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850.

New Territories

1850

Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.

Fugitive Slave Law

1850

A new Fugitive Slave law is passed

D.C. slave trade ends

1850

The slave trade in D.C. is ended.

California enters as a free state

1850

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.

Republican's Opposition

1854

The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

John Brown

1856

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

"Bloody Kansas"

1856

“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
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Sen. Charles Sumner

1856

Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown Raid

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Abraham Lincoln's Election

1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

South Carolina Secedes

1860

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Inauguration

1861

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

Confederacy is created

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

Start of the War

1861

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

Events