Was the Civil War inevitable?
banned slavery north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi
The Constitution is ratified with the 3/5 compromise regarding slaves
Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.
Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.
Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.
William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.
Douglass publishes narrative after he escapes from slavery
US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory
California applies for for statehood as a free state.
Harriet Tubman escapes slavery with the Underground Railroad
Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.