Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #4 Annabelle

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Northwest Ordinance

1787

banned slavery north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi

3/5 Compromise

1788

The Constitution is ratified with the 3/5 compromise regarding slaves

Free States vs. Slave States

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

#'s of slaves vs. free states

1819

of free states=11

of slave states=11

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

The Liberator

1821

William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.

Missouri Compromise

1821

Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.

Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass

1845

Douglass publishes narrative after he escapes from slavery

US and Mexico Treaty

1848

US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

1849

Harriet Tubman escapes slavery with the Underground Railroad

California applies for statehood

1849

California applies for for statehood as a free state.

California enters as a free state

1850

D.C. slave trade ends

1850

The slave trade in D.C. is ended.

Fugitive Slave Law

1850

A new Fugitive Slave law is passed

New Territories

1850

Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.

Compromise of 1850

1850

Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Republican's Opposition

1854

The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.

Sen. Charles Sumner

1856

Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

"Bloody Kansas"

1856

“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
https://cdn.thinglink.me/api/image/786669989942788096/1240/10/scaletowidth

John Brown

1856

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown Raid

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

South Carolina Secedes

1860

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Abraham Lincoln's Election

1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

Start of the War

1861

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

Confederacy is created

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

Inauguration

1861

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

Events