Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #3

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Slavery banned north of Ohio River/east of the Mississippi

1787

The Northwest Ordinance places a ban on slavery north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi

3/5ths Compromise

1787

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states

1800 - 1810

Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states

1800 - 1810

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state

1819

Number of free states: 11
Number of slave states: 11

Missouri Compromise

1820

Missouri Compromise is passed: Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.

The Liberator is published

1821

William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish his abolitionist newspaper

Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative

1845

US signs treaty with Mexico

1848

The US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory

Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad

1849

California applies as a free state

1849

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.

1850

1850
Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.
California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act, The Republican Party is established

1854

1854
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.

The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

"Bloody Kansas"

1856

violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.

John Brown's massacre

1856

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate

1856

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

Raid on Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Abraham Lincoln elected president

1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

South Carolina secedes from Union

1860

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

President Lincoln is inaugurated.

1861

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

CSA is formed, Jerfferson Davis elected President

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

Civil war Begins

1861

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

American Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

James Madison

1809 - 1817

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

J. Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

M. Van Buren

1837 - 1841

William Harrison

1841

John Tyler

April, 1841 - 1845

James Polk

1845 - 1849

Zachary Taylor

1849 - July, 1850

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Events