Was the Civil War inevitable?
The Northwest Ordinance places a ban on slavery north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi
Number of free states: 11
Number of slave states: 11
Missouri Compromise is passed: Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.
William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish his abolitionist newspaper
The US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory
Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.
California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.