Unit 04: Ancestry Clark (Copy)

How, if at all, have we progressed? Focus on Native Americans Evelyn & Autumn

Native Americans

Taking tribes into account while drafting Constitution

1787

The tribes were thought about for an alliance purpose or foreign relations matter during this time of the Revolutionary War. The tribes joined the British to fight against the Americans

Louisiana Purchase

1803

The French made this purpose in 1803, sparking the western turn. This doubled the size of the United states and more people moved west. (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)

Indian Removal Act

1830

Passed by President Andrew Jackson to move the Native Americans from the Louisiana Territory (because of the Mexican-American war). (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)

Treaties for removal of Native Americans

1830 - 1832

Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (1830) and Treaty of Payne's Landing (1832) were two treaties in which the federal government claimed the Native's land east of the Mississippi River and in return they gave the Natives present day Oklahoma.
ABC-CLIO: Indian Removal

Senate Passes the Removal of the Indian Removal Act

April 26, 1830

The House passed the bill on May 24, 1830 and President Jackson signed the bill on May 28, 1830. (ABC-CLIO: Indian Removal, 1790-1850)

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

1831

John Marshal led this case to saying that the Cherokee Nation was not a foreign state and that they were under the protection of the U.S government.

Worcester v. Georgia

1832

John Marshal again led this case to saying that Georgia laws interfered with the Georgian affairs.

Mexican-American War

1845 - 1848

America took California and Texas from Mexico for 15 million dollars. (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)

Tribes forced off their land

July, 1877

The tribes tried to hold down their own fort and keep their land, until the U.S. calvary went in and blocked their food and water supply. So this led to them having to leave and be dumped on this land.

Bear Shield suffering

December 25, 1878

Standing Bear's son was suffering on the floor of his tent and all his son wanted was for his father to bury him in their sacred homeland, the White Chalk Buffs.

Burial of Bear Shield

January 2, 1879

Standing Bear dressed Bear Shield in his finest clothes and wraps him in a buffalo robe. He begins on the 600 mile journey to bury his son, but gets arrested before he can get there.

Natives legally defined as wards of the government

March, 1879

The Natives aren't legally defined as people or citizens. They left their government reservation without permission, which was a violation of the law

Standing Bear won case

May 12, 1879

Standing Bear won his case and the judge had stated that Indians from now on were all regarded as a person

General Allotment Act

1887

Passed by U.S. congress to let the government take over the other tribal lands.

Native Americans considered citizens of the U.S.

1924

1924, 50 years after the case, Native Americans were finally considered citizens. Indian Citizenship Act.

Native Americans got the Right to Vote

1962

New Mexico was the last to give the Native Americans the right to vote. Took a while for the states to have an agreement.

American Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

James Madison

1809 - 1817

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

J. Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

M. Van Buren

1837 - 1841

William Harrison

1841

John Tyler

April, 1841 - 1845

James Polk

1845 - 1849

Zachary Taylor

1849 - July, 1850

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Events