AP World Post Classical Timeline

Middle East

Muhammad establishes Islam

622

rise and decline of the Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

split of sunni and shia

680

rise and decline of the Abbasid dynasty

750 - 1258

Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem (and other lands conquered by the first Crusades)

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260

Europe

Reign of Justinian (Byzantine Empire)

527 - 565

First king of Kievan Russia

855

Great Schism

1054