Postclassical Timeline

Middle East

Muhammad Establishes Islam

622

Rise and decline of the Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

split of sunni and shia

680

rise and decline of the abbasid empire

750 - 1258

Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem

1187

Mongol Conquest of Islamic Heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260

Europe

Reign of Justinian

527 - 565

fist king og Kievan Russia

855

Great Schism

1054