Postclassical Timeline

Middle East

Muhammad establishes islam

622

Rise and fall of the Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

Split of Sunni and Shia

Approx. 680

Rise and fall of Abbasid empire

750 - 1258

Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem (and other lands conquered from the first crusades)

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260

Europe

Reign of Justinian (Byzantine Empire)

527 - 565

Early middle ages

600 - 1000

First king of Kievan Russia

855

High Middle Ages

1000 - 1300

Great Schism

1054

First crusades

1096 - 1099

Byzantine decline

1100 - 1450

Mongol domination of Russia

1237 - 1480

Late Middle Ages

1300 - 1450

Little Ice Age in Europe

1300 - 1450

Spread of the Black Death in Europe and Russia

1348 - 1375

Ottoman turks conquer Byzantine

1453

Asia

Sui dynasty

589 - 618

Tang dynasty

618 - 907

Korea wins independence from Tang Dynasty

668

Peak of Buddhist influence in China

690 - 705

Vietnam wins independence from China

939

Song dynasty

960 - 1279

Invention of gunpowder

Approx. 1100

Japanese feudal age begins

1185

Delhi Sultanate established

1206

Chinggis Khan becomes khagan

1206

Chinggis Khan dies

1227

Mongol/ Yuan dynasty, China

1271 - 1368

Mongol kingdom defeated

1368

Ming dynasty established

1368

Zheng He's Chinese expeditions

1405 - 1433

Africa and Oceania

Expansion of settlements and migrations throughout Polynesia: including Hawaiian Islands, New Zealand, Easter Island

Approx. 600 - 1400

Islam begins spreading across North Africa

Approx. 600

Ghana at the height of its power

1000

Mali at the height of its power

1300

Americas

Fall of the Toltec

1150

Rise of Incas

1300

Rise of the Aztecs/ Mexica 1325

1325