Postclassical timeline

Events

reign of Justinian (Byzantine Empire)

527 - 565

Muhammad establishes Islam

622

rise and decline of the Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

split of sunni and shia

680

rise and decline of the abbasid empire

750 - 1258

first king of Kievan Russia

855

Great Schism

1054

Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem (and other lands conquered by the first Crusades)

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260