Postclassical Timeline

Events

Reign of Justinian

527 - 565

Muhammad establishes Islam

622

Rise and decline of the Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

Split of Sunni and Shia

680

Rise and decline of the Abbasid empire

750 - 1258

First King of Kievan Russia

855

Great Schism

1054

Saladin’s recapture of Jerusalem

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260