APW Postclassical

Middle East

Muhammad establishes Islam

622

Rise & decline of Umayyad dynasty

661 - 750

Split of Sunni and Shia

680

Rise & decline of Abbasid empire

750 - 1258

Saladin recaptures Jerusalem & others capt. in Crusades

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: end of Mongol drive west

1260

Europe

Reign of Justinian (Byzantine)

527 - 565

Early Middle Ages

600 - 1000

First king of Kievan Russia

855

High Middle Ages

1000 - 1300

Great Schism

1054

First Crusades

1096 - 1099

Byzantine decline

1100 - 1450

Mongol domination of Russia

1237 - 1480

Late Middle Ages

1300 - 1450

Little Ice Age in Europe

1300 - 1450

Spread of Black Death in Europe and Russia

1348 - 1375

Ottoman Turks defeat Byzantine empire

1453

Asia

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Korea wins independence from Tang Dynasty

668

Peak of Buddhist influence in China

690 - 705

Vietnam wins independence from China

939

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Invention of gunpowder

1100

Japanese feudal age BEGINS

1185

Delhi Sultanate established

1206

Chinggis Khan becomes khagan

1206

Chinggis Khan dies

1227

Mongol/Yuan Dynasty (China)

1271 - 1368

Ming Dynasty established

1368

Mongol kingdom is defeated

1368

Zheng He's Chinese expeditions

1405 - 1433

Africa & Oceania

Expansion of settlements & migrations thru Polynesia (Hawaiian Islands, NZ, Easter Island)

Approx. 600 - 1400

Islam begins spreading across N Africa

Approx. 600 - Approx. 699

Ghana at height of its power

1000

Mali at height of its power

1300

Americas

Fall of the Toltec

1150

Rise of Incas

1300

Rise of Aztecs/Mexica

1325