Postclassical Timeline

Events

Middle East

Muhammad establishes Islam

622

Rise and decline of the Umayyad Dysnasty

661 - 750

Split of Sunni and Shia

680

Rise and decline of the Abbasid Empire

750 - 1258

Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem

1187

Mongol conquest of Islamic heartlands

1258

Mamluk victory: End of Mongol drive west

1260

Europe

Reign of Justinian (Byzantine)

527 - 565

First king of Kievan Russia

855

Great Schism

1054

Asia

Africa and Oceania

Americas