social studies

Mesopotamia

first agriculture

7000 B.C. - 3000 B.C.

the first agriculture develops in 7000 B.C. they used irrigation to give water to their crops. they also used canals to stop floods.

sargon's conquer of Mesopotamia

2350 B.C. - 2330 B.C.

He established the worlds first Empire. his empire captured all the city-states of sumer which was what Mesopotamia was called before he conquered it. His empire stretched from the Persian gulf to the Mediterranean sea.

Hammurabi code

1770 B.C.

The code was a set of 282 laws that effected all people when Hammurabi ruled. There were laws on everything from theft to marriage, trade to loans and injury and murder. It contained some ideas that are still found in laws today.

babylon takeover of Mesopotamia

1700 B.C. - 1658 B.C.

after Sargon's empire was destroyed, the Babylons took over the fertile crescent. there ruler was Hammurabi. However, after Hammurabi died the Babylon's power came to an end.

Egypt and Kush events

Hatshepsut

1472 B.C. - 1458 B.C.

Hatshepsut was married to Thutmose the second. But after he died he left the throne to his young son Thutmose the third. But he was to young to rule Egypt so Hatshepsut took over power. she built many monuments to show her power. when she died, Thutmose the third took over and destroyed her monuments.

Ramses Death

1237 B.C.

Ramses the great died in 1237 B.C. He created many monuments that still stand today. He led the Egyptians into many winning battles. After he died Egypt went into chaos. Then the new kingdom started and everything was normal.

Piankhi

751 B.C. - 716 B.C.

Piankhi was Kush's greatest military leader. He was a fierce warrior on the battlefield. he was also deeply religious. He believed that he had the support of the gods. It fueled his passion for war against Egypt.

Kush's conquer of Egypt

700 B.C. - 660 B.C.

Kush was able to conquer Egypt because a series of inept Pharaohs had been leading Egypt. Kush's king kashta. He seized on Egypt's weakness and attacked. By about 751 B.C. he had conquered southern Egypt. He then established relations with northern Egypt.

Kush's decline

2 B.C. - 300 AD

Kush declined in power. A series of problems weakened its economy. One o the problems was that the cattle was allowed to eat all the grass which caused all the soil to blow over. In addition iron makers used up all the trees so wood became scarce and furnaces shut down.

world religions

jainism and Buddhism influence Hinduism

800 BCE

Buddhism and Jainism emerged from India around 800-600 BCE, a period of great cultural, intellectual and spiritual development. both of these had an enormous influence on Hinduism.

vaishnavism is devolped around cult of Vushnu

700 BCE

Vaishnavism is one of the traditions of Hinduism. it is distinguished from other schools by its primary worship of one supreme God. that god is known in different perspectives under names of Narayana, Krishna, Vasudeva or more often Vishnu and their avatars. Vishnu is an aspect of there big god Brahman.

ramayana is written

400 BCE

the ramayana is an epic written about rama whose wife is abducted the demon god of lanka. thematically, the epic explores themes of human existence and the concept of dharma.

scriptures codifies caste system

200 BCE

Hindu society is been categorized into four classes, called Varnas (Sanskrit: "colour, form, appearance");the Brahmins: teachers and priests; the Kshatriyas: warriors, nobles, and kings; the Vaishyas: farmers, merchants, and businessmen; and the Shudras: servants and laborers. The caste system is sort of like a pyramid in Egypt. The Pharaohs are at the top, then come the priests then artisans, and last farmers and slaves.

bghavad gita becomes guide to hindu phliosphy

150 BCE

the bghavad gita is a sanskirt text.The Bhagavad Gita is revered as sacred by Hindu traditions. It is commonly referred to as The Gita.

rome events

rome's foundation

753 B.C.

the 21st of April is considered the date of Rome's foundation. In one story to brothers, Romulus and Remus where raised by a wolf. then a shepherd found the boys and raised them. when they grew up they decided to build a city. But when Remus made fun of one of Romulus's buildings he killed Remus and then named Rome after himself

roman republic formed

510 B.C. - 87 A.D.

the roman republic was formed in 510 B.C. In the Roman republic people had the right to vote. The first government to do so.

Julius Ceaser born

100 BC

Julius Ceaser was born on July 13, 100 B.C. He became a popular politician and military leader. He was a consul in the Roman republic government. H also won many Roman battles.

julius ceaser assassinated

44 B.C.

Julius Ceaser was assassinated by his own apprentice. His apprentice couldn't stand being second in command. He caught him by suprise at Pompey theatre. He then stabbed him in his back. Others also joined in the stabbing.

the rise of the roman empire

27 B.C.

When the roman republic ended, the empire started. one of the empire's most famous leaders was Julius Ceaser. He took over many lands and was a skilled military commander.

Greek events

Cyrus takes over

585 B.C.

Cyrus was a great leader who conquered many lands. He was the emperor of Persia . He was famous because he treated his conquered people well.

Athens becomes a democracy

500 B.C.

Athens was one of many city-states in Greece. In 500 BC Athens became a Democracy. Democracy means "rule by the people." It was the first government based on the votes of citizens.

Peloponnesian war

431 B.C. - 404 B.C.

The Peloponnesian War lasted from 431 BC to 404 BC. It was a war started by the Spartans to stop the growth of the Athenians in Greece. The Spartans surrounded the city and starved the Athenians forcing them to surrender. Sparta won this epic war.

Macedonia Conquers Greece

359 B.C.

In 359BC a land named Macedonia conquered Greece. Macedonia's leader Phillip the second's main target was Greece. The people of Athens new they were to be attacked by the Macedonians. So the Athenian leaders called upon all Greeks to respond and help fight. Few responded and that resulted in Macedonia winning the war.

Alexande the great is born

356 B.C.

Alexander the great was born in 356 B.C. He was the king of Greece for many years. He conquered a lot of Europe, Asia, and part of Africa. His most famous victory was when he crossed two dangerous rivers to conquer India.