Era's of Sport History

Events

Semetic People

4000 B.C.E

Primarily lived in Arabian Peninsula. They started to travel to the area in between Tigris and Euphrates this area is now known as Iraq.

Sumerians

3500 B.C.E

Were the first people to direct the building of cities as well as invented pictographic and cuneiform writing as well as a calendar and a system of weights and measures.

Funeral Games

1250 BCE

This was a wake for the burial of Patroklos who had been killed. Achilles planned an athletic festival to celebrate his life.

First Olympian Games

776 B.C.E

One of the four great festivals. In this same year the Olympic truce was established. This allowed people traveling to Olympia for the Olympian games to be protected through the truce that was established.

Games of Hera

Approx. 600 B.C.E - Approx. 501 B.C.E

Its not known exactly when but sometime within this time period was the first recorded and allowed women's athletic competition. It occurred in the olympic year before all the mens events

First Pythian Games

583 BCE

One of the four great festivals. These games were held in the city of Delphi in the temple of Apollo. This was the only stadium with stone seats for audiences to sit during matches. Offered very valuable prizes for the victors. These games celebrated Apollo.

First Isthmian Games

582 B.C.E

One of the four great festivals. Held every even numbered year and celebrated the god of the sea Poseidon

First Nemean Games

573 B.C.E

One of the four great festivals. Held every odd number year. Celebrated Zeus at Nemean.

Colosseum

80 A.D.

Colosseum was finished being built. The hope was to use this as an entertainment space for civilians.

Bread and Circuses

300 A.D

For romans about 200 days out of the year were holidays. The colosseum built in 80 A.D occupied any romans both rich and poor. Providing them with entertainment, food and drink to keep them out of trouble.

Abolition of Olympic Games

393 A.D

Theodosius stopped the Olympian games when he converted to christianity. This was done because of the christian church beliefs. They christian church believed that the olympic games were not appropriate.

Renaissance

Approx. 1200 - Approx. 1400

The starting date of the renaissance can go back to anywhere between 1200-1400

In the renaissance period there was much advancements in education from Andreas Vesalius who helped develop an understanding of human anatomy through picking up where Leonardo da Vinci left off. Andreas Vesalius stole human bodies to dissect them to get a clearer understanding of how the human body worked.

End of the Renaissance

Approx. 1498 - Approx. 1600

End of the renaissance occurred when the studia humanitatis ended

De Humani Corporis Fabrica

1543

Andreas Vesalius contributed to Leonardo Da Vinci's idea and helped develop the first anatomy textbook.

Medieval Tournaments (Quintin)

1600

Medieval jousting on horseback was done by the noble class. it was too dangerous so a milder form of jousting was created called the Quintin.

Ban of Semi Annual Garrison Races

1771

This was due to gambling

Garrison Races Reintroduced

1808

They were reintroduced as equestrian trials

Introduction of Rugby

1823

William Web Ellis was an influential figure in history as he was the one who picked up the football and ran with it creating what we now know today as the sport rugby.

Halifax Harbour Regatta

1826

Navy organized competitions in the regatta that was run regularly

Headmaster of Rugby Schools

1828

Thomas Arnold became headmaster of the rugby school and was very influential in the development of students in their religious practice, mannerism and intellectual ability.

First Official Baseball Game (Beachville ON)

1838

Cooperstown N.Y

1839

This was thought to be the first official baseball game but later the Mills commission disproved this.

Baseball - Cartwright Rules

1846

Baseball adapted to play by Cartwright rules.

The Military Garrison

1856

Navy soldiers organized games which included running and extraordinary leaping.

Treasures of Troy were found

1873

Heinrich Schliemann and his wife Sophia found the treasures of troy in turkey.

M.A.A.A

1881

Was formally incorporated by an act of the Quebec legislation. It incorporated the Montreal snowshoe club, the Montreal lacrosse club and the Montreal bicycle club.

Amateur Athletic Union (A.A.U)

1884

The Amateur Athletic Union (A.A.U) was founded. They worked with the M.A.A.A

Acceptance of Olympic Idea

1894

Delegates supported with the idea of the Olympic revival and voted in Coubertin's favour. This allowed progress to start in terms of developing the next steps for the Olympic debut.

First Modern Olympic Games

1896

First modern Olympic games were held in Athens Greece.

Acceptance of Women in Some Athletics

1900

In the second modern olympics women would only participate in sports that were deemed acceptable for women. This occurred in the second modern olympics in Paris France.

Mills Commission

1905

A committee formed as a result of Henry Chadwick's article to determine the origin of the baseball game.

Amateur Athletic Federation (A.A.F)

1906

The M.A.A.A broke off from the (A.A.U) and founded the Amateur Athletic federation ( A.A.F)

Mills Commission Final Decision

1907

Agreement that the first evident of the sport of baseball was by Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown N.Y in 1839

Success of the A.A.U

1909

The A.A.U won over the A.A.F and rapid growth in amateur sport in Toronto occurred.

Closing of Bay Street Beach

1944

Closed off the beach and declared it was unfit for swimming

Acceptance of women in Modern Olympics

1984

Women were allowed to run in the marathon