Fascist History

Events

Mussolini declared himself dictator

1922

Pope Pius XI elected

February 6, 1922

March on Rome

October 26, 1922

Mussolini Named Prime Minister of Italy

October 31, 1922

Lateran Pacts

1929

Italian Invasion of Ethiopia

1935 - 1936

Mussolini forms axis with Nazi Germany

1936

Mostra Augustea della Romanità

1937

Bimillenial celebration of Augustus' birth

Promulgation of Race Laws

September 1938 - December 1938

The Fascist government issues a series of provisions regulating, with separate bills, the exclusion of foreign and Italian Jews from the school, the academia, politics, finances, professional world, and all sectors of public and private life.
Italian citizens of the Jewish religion were no longer allowed to attend school and marry non-Jew, to be drafted in the Army, to own or administrate firms, to own or administrate land and real estate over a certain value, to hire non-Jewish employes, to be hired in the public administration, by political parties, banks, insurance companies, newspapers, publishing houses, artistic, research, and educational institutions. The public agencies in charge of census and demographic records become part of the government task-force for the “defense of race”.

Commercial Race Law

February 1939

Introduction of a bill that adds new limitations to the ability of Jews to own real-estate and commercial activities.

Mobility Race Law

July 1939

Introduction of rulings that severely limit the rights and mobility of Italian Jews in terms of family law, estate law, and use of last name.

Italy enters WW2

1940

Sided with Germany

Miscegenation Law

1940

Article 11 declared that mixed citizens are to be considered Aryan

Taxes Race Law

July 1940

New taxes are imposed on Jewish professionals.

Italy declares war on USSR

1941

Property Race Law

February 1941

The State agency that regulates the seizing of Jewish properties receive authorization to liquidate them.

Art Race Law

April 1942

The use of theatrical and musical materials authored by Jews is prohibited.

Victor Emmanuel III imprisons Mussolini

1943

Italy declares war on Germany

October 13, 1943

Allies Liberate Rome

1944

Mussolini executed

1945