History

Events

Humphrey Davy had discovered that laughing gas was an anaesthetic

1800

Ignaz Semmelweiss made the doctors wash their hands in calcium chloride solution before surgery

1847

James Simpson discovered chloroform

1847

A 14 year old girl became one of the first deaths from overdosing on chloroform

1848

Black Period

1850 - 1870

Queen Victoria received chloroform during childbirth

1853

The introduction of ether

1854

Lister found that carbolic acid would clear bacteria from wounds

1865

British surgeon Joseph Lister publishes Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery

1867

Koch developed the steam steriliser

1878

Carl Koller discovered that cocaine is a local anaesthetic

1884

Rubber gloves are first used in Surgery

1890

Surgeons started boiling their instruments to sterilise them

1890

Victor Horsley was the first specialist neuro-surgeon.

1890

Wilhelm Roentgen discovers x-rays

1895

Ludwig Rehn performs the first heart surgery

1896