His father was King Shuddhodana and his mother was Queen Maya. His birth was miraculous because he took 7 steps hen he was born.
563 BCE - 534 BCE
He didn't let him see the outside world and all the suffering.
Renunciation and Austerities
534 BCE - 530 BCE
He meditated, controlled his breathing, and reduced food intake to one grain of a rice a day. He became emaciated and ill.
The Four Sights
He wanted/ craved spiritual satisfaction. He saw an old man leaning on a staff, a sick man lying on the side of the road, a corps, and an ascetic.
Siddhartha sat under a tree in a state of higher consciousness. He saw the death and rebirth of all beings as a consequence of their good and bad deeds. HE decided to remove craving and ignorance. He achieved perfect wisdom and absolute peace. he stayed in this state for seven days.
Siddhartha discovers the Middle way
The middle way is a path of moderation.
The First Sermon
Siddhartha came to be known as the Buddha. Buddha shared his insights with Hindu ascetics. This is the beginning of a Buddha community.
He told his followers to hold truth as a lamp and a refuge and to not look for refuge in anything other then themselves. Buddha reached "Parinirvana", a state of complete nirvana which released him from the cycle of involuntary rebirth.