Houston founded on August 30 by brothers Augustus C. and John K. Allen, who pay just over $1.40 per acre for 6,642 acres of land near the headwaters of Buffalo Bayou. Augutus C. and John K. Allen purchased land from Mrs. Elizabeth Parrott, widow of John Austin, and name the site "Houston" after their friend, General Sam Houston.
Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (succeeded Sam Houston as Texas president) moved the capital to another town named "Waterloo" in the Texas Hill Country. This was soon renamed to "Austin" in honor of the father of our country.
Houston's first railroad, the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railroad begins operations.
Many freed slaves opened businesses and worked under contracts
The first permanent public transit system began to be operated by the Houston City Street Railway Company. All services were operated using mule-driven streetcars.
Houston Electric Light Co. was established. Houston and New York are the first cities to build electric power plants.
Conversion from mule-driven streetcars to electric streetcars was completed
Twelve oil companies had located themselves in Houston, most notable Humble Oil Company, which is now ExxonMobil.
Air passenger service arrives with a Braniff Airlines flight. Houston becomes the Texas capital of commerce, dubbed "Babylon on the Bayou" by observers.
First freeway in Houston, U.S. Highway 75 (now Interstate 45), or Gulf Freeway with donations from the Cullen family.
Arab oil embargo quadruples oil prices in ninety days, fueling Houston's economic boom.
Hurricane Alicia struck Houston and Galveston causing $2 billion in damage and decreasing oil prices.
Hurricane Ike directly hits Houston.
Hurricane Harvey caused 77 fatalities and $198.63 billion in damages.