US History timeline

Main

Their location is shared with a tribe called Powhatan

1607

1607: Jamestown is founded by the London Company

1607

by the London Company, in a location shared with a tribe called Powhatan

1608: The colony becomes more organized under John Smith

1608

1609/10: The winter known as "starving time"

1609 - 1610

They are intercepted by Lord de la Warr & forced to return

1610

1610: Colonists attempt to leave Jamestown

1610

1612: John Rolfe begins to market tobacco as a cash crop

1612

1618: The headright system is created to attract more settlers

1618

This is our nation's first representative government

1619

1619: The House of Burgesses meets for the first time

1619

1620: Puritan Separatists sign the Mayflower Compact & come to Plymouth Rock

1620

1621: William Bradford governs Plymouth Plantation

1621

1621: Squanto arrives & saves the Pilgrims from starvation and death

1621

1622: Miles Standish enforces a semi-military regime

1622

1629: Massachusetts Bay Company dispatches Puritans to New England

1629

Puritans believed they were "a city upon a hill" & a religious beacon

1630

1630: John Winthrop commands the expedition

1630

1630s: Some natives converted to Christianity (known as "praying Indians")

1630 - 1640

George Calvert seeks to create a save haven for English Catholics

1632

1632: His son creates Maryland to fulfill this

1632

1637: Pequot War fought between Pequot Indians & settlers

1637

1637: Anne Hutchinson exiled from Massachusetts Bay

1637

1639: Fundamental Orders of Conneticut

1639

1639: Fundamental Articles of New Haven created

1639

1642: Sir William Berkely takes control of VA government

1642

1642-49: English Civil War is fought & Oliver Cromwell takes power

1642 - 1649

1644: Roger Williams founds Rhode Island

1644

1648: "Act Concerning Religion" is created

1648

This act gives all Maryland Christians freedom to worship

1648

English Civil War leads to more proprietary ventures (NJ, NY, etc)

1649

1660: Navigation Act #1 - only English ships can go to English colonies

1660

1663: Navigation Act #2 is passed

1663

All goods & resources from Europe → colonies must pass through England

1663

1664: Under the Articles of Capitulation, New Amsterdam became New York

1664

1664: Dutch patroons & English took control of New York

1664

1664: Peter Stuyvesant (last governor of New Amsterdam) "overthrown"

1664

1669: Fundamental Constitution of Carolina creates social order

1669

1673: Navigation Act #3 allows the first two Navigation Acts to be enforced

1673

1675: Nathaniel Bacon leads an uprising against Berkely

1675

1675: King Philip's War is fought between settlers & Wampanoag

1675

Wampanoag are led by Metacomet (King Philip) & utilize the flintlock rifle

1675

Quakers (Society of Friends) believed everyone had an "Inner Light"

1681

1681: Pennsylvania founded by a Quaker, William Penn

1681

1701: The Charter of Liberties creates a representative government in PA

1701