Siddhartha Gautama was born around 550BCE into a family of the Kshatriya caste in a kingdom called Shakya.
Siddhartha's father created the perfect world for him in their palace so he would never want to leave and could become the ruler when his father passed away.
Siddhartha entering the city four times to see what the city was like, to his surprise many people were sick and in need of help. His fourth sight was of a meditating Hindu monk. Siddhartha was inspired by the monk and wanted himself to reach that level of spiritual enlightenment.
A period of Siddhartha wandering and seeking spiritual knowledge through teachings.
Siddhartha coming to the conclusion that the best course is the middle way, or a path between both extremes. The best lifestyle is one of moderation.
One day, seated beneath the Bodhi tree (the tree of awakening) Siddhartha became deeply absorbed in meditation, and reflected on his experience of life, determined to penetrate its truth. Siddhartha had finally achieved Enlightenment.
Siddhartha was now know as the Buddha after his enlightenment. In the Buddha’s first sermon at Deer Park, he taught the Four Noble Truths by addressing the existence of suffering, its cause, and its end to five monks.
The Buddha's death came when he was eighty years old, and had spent forty years teaching after his Enlightenment. He died in a state of meditation, and attained nirvana, a release from the cycle of death and rebirth.