England and its Colonies

Main

The London Company founds Jamestown on land occupied by a tribe led by Powhatan

1607

John Smith stabilizes Jamestown

1608

Famine causes winter known as starving time. Lord De La War comes with supplies

1609 - 1610

John Rolfe makes tobacco profitable by turning it into a staple cash crop

1612

The Headright system, a system where new settlers receive land, is created

1618

House of Burgesses is the first legislative government created in the Americas

1619

Pilgrims immigrate to Plymouth Rock from England, create the Mayflower Compact

1620

Squanto helps the pilgrims survive and William Bradford is chosen for governor

1621

Miles Standish establishes a military and introduces the flintlock rifle

1622

Puritans go to MA Bay Colony, a “city upon a hill.” John Winthrop is governor

1629

George Calvert gets a land grant that will become Maryland

1632

Anne Hutchinson is banished from Massachusetts for challenging religious beliefs

1634

Native Americans converted to Christianity and are known as “praying indians”

1635

The Pequot War between colonists and local Native American tribes begins

1637

The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut and Articles of New Heaven are created

1639

William Berkeley is appointed governor of Virginia and English Civil war begins

1642

Roger Williams receives a charter to settle in Rhode Island

1644

Act Concerning Religion passed and war ends. Oliver Cromwell becomes protector

1649

Society of Friends originates. Believe in following their “Inner light”

1650

Charles appoints colonies as proprietary ventures. Navigation Act 1 is passed.

1660

Navigation Act 2 is passed

1663

Stuyvesant surrenders. Articles of Capitulation allows patroons to keep power

1664

Fundamental Constitution for Carolina is created

1669

Navigation Act 3 is passed

1673

King Phillip’s war is fought between colonists and Metacomet, aka King Phillip

1675

Nathaniel Bacon starts Bacon’s rebellion

1676

William Penn receives a grant of land with good resources, becomes Pennsylvania

1681

The Dominion of New England is created by King James II

1686

King James II is overthrown in the Glorious Revolution

1688

Jacob Leisler forces himself into government and John Coode starts a revolt

1689

Charter of Liberties is created in Pennsylvania

1700