Ho Chi Minh


French colonial rule begins.

1858 - 1930

Ho Chi Minh founds the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP).

1930 - 1941

ICP organises a guerrilla force, Viet Minh, in response to invasion by Japan during World War II.

1941 - 1945

The Viet Minh seizes power. Ho Chi Minh announces Vietnam's independence.

1945 - 1946

French forces attack Viet Minh in Haiphong in November, sparking the war of resistance against the colonial power.

1946 - 1950

Democratic Republic of Vietnam is recognised by China and USSR

1950 - 1954

Viet Minh forces attack an isolated French military outpost in the town of Dien Bien Phu. The attempt to take the outpost lasts two months, during which time the French government agrees to peace talk

1954 - 1956

South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem begins campaign against political dissidents.

1956 - 1957