The printing press was invented by a German named Johannes Gutenberg. Before the printing press was invented, monks had to copy everything by hand. Hand written books took months or years to hand print. This made books very expensive. But, it also made making books or plays (for Shakespeare) a pretty quick process. Johannes made a huge step in literature and technology.
Leonardo da Vinci, arguably the best artist of all time, has painted possibly two of the most famous paintings in history; the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. These artworks by this genious set the course for uniqueness and art during the Renaissance and many years to come after that.
Lorenzo de Medici, “The Magnificent”, takes power in Florence; his rule is considered the high point of the Florentine Renaissance. Being a diplomat, politician, and artist, he wasn't a typical man in his time period. After ruling Florence, he became a part time artist. He usually didn't finish a painting by himself as Michelangelo lived with Lorenzo and his family for some time.
Michelangelo could have been the best artist ever to live, next to his friend Leonardo da Vinci, except for the fact that Leo was a painter and Michelangelo was mostly a sculpter. His most famous sculptor, David, is kept in the Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence. This art work stands at over 14 feet tall.
As we all know, Chris Columbus "discovered" America. Unfortunetly, not many people know the story behind it. Columbus went searching across the Atlantic Ocean to try to find the Indies. When he thought he had landed in the "Indies" he found people and named them "Indians". He went back to Europe claiming he found the islands but to this day, we know he landed in Cuba. When other searchers went to find these islands, some landed in America and there, America was born.
Vasco da Gama was the first person to set sail for India. When Portugal sent him off, da Gama went around the southern tip of Africa, cross the Indian Ocean, and then arrived in India. He will forever be known as a tough, fearless explorer.
Galileo was a major part of the scientific revolution in the Renaissance. Convincing his dad to let him study math, he discovered the thermoscope (thermometer) and published a book on the design of a hydrostatic balance that he invented. His interest as a scientist gave him the idea to begin to study astrology and astronomy. He also invented the telescope
In this year, Hamlet is completed and Shakespeare becomes even more of a well know writer. Shakespeare, who wrote a lot of plays and stories, is one of the most famous writers of all time. He pretty much made the English language make sense. He also is the founder of possibly the most famous quote ever, "To be or not to be, that is the question"