Imperial China

Events

Shang Dynasty

1600 BC - 1050 BC

First historical dynasty
Capitals: near Zhengzhou and Anyang
Writing system, divination, walled cities, bronze technology, chariots
Maney (cowry shells), Bronzes, Jade ritual objects

"Inventing China" Period

1600 BC - 220 AD

Shang Kings (1600-1045 BC)
Zhou Dynasty (1045-256 BC)
Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC)
Han Dynasty (207 BC-220 AD)

Western Zhou

1046 BC - 771 BC

Zhou Dynasty

1046 BC - 256 BC

Capitals: Hao and Luoyang
Hierarchical political and social system and ancestral cults

Eastern Zhou

771 BC - 256 BC

Spring and Autumn Period

770 BC - 475 BC

Zhou capital moves east

770 BC

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Common characteristics of Confucian thought
Humanistic/centers on humaneness
People can improve themselves through self-cultivation
Social hierarchy = important
Filiality = cardinal virtue
Great rulers lead by virtuous example and ritual

Widespread warfare

500 BC - 400 BC

Analects

479 BC - 221 BC

Warring States Period

475 BCE - 221 BCE

Daodejing Written

300 BCE

Last Zhou king killed

256 BC

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

Capital: Chang'an
Centralized administration
Standardized writing script, weights, measures
Suppression of dissenting thought

Western Han

206 BCE - 9 BCE

Capital: Chang'an

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

Consolidated foundation of imperial order
Confucianism est. as orthodoxy
Civil service examinations

Sima Qian

145 BC - 86 BC

Confucianism est. as basis for Chinese state by Han Wudi

141 BCE - 86 BCE

Liu Xiang's Biographies of Women

18 BC

Records of the Historian - Sima Qian

25 CE - 220 CE

Eastern Han

25 CE - 220 CE

Ban Zhao's Admonitions for Women

48 CE - 116 CE

First mention of Buddhism in China

65 CE

First Buddhist missionary in Luoyang

148 CE

Translating from sanskrit into Chinese

Six Dynasties Period

220 CE - 589 CE

Disunity and Instability (no 1 dynasty ruled)
Buddhism comes to China during this time
North rules by invaders from borderland and steppes
South ruled by successive Chinese dynasties
Buddhism spread

Three Kingdoms

220 CE - 265 CE

Jin Dynasty

265 CE - 420 CE

Period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties

386 CE - 589 CE

Sui Dynasty

581 CE - 618 CE

Capital: Chang'an
China reunified

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Capitals: Chang'an and Luoyang
Cosmopolitanism
Height of Buddhist influence until it began being repressed in 845
Active territorial expansion until defeated by Arabs in Talas 751

Five Dynasties Period

907 CE - 960 CE

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Neo-Confucianism (Hansen pg. 239)
Significant economic and social changes
monetization of economy
Growth in commerce and maritime trade
Urban expansion and technological innovations
Exam system

Northen Song

960 - 1127

Capital: Bianjing

Southern Song

1127 CE - 1279 CE

Capital: Lin'an

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Mongols
Capital: Dadu (Beijing)

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Han rule re-established Capitals: Nanjing and Beijing
Inward looking
Emphasis on agrarian base

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Manchu rule
Capital: Beijing
Prosperity and complacency
Dramatic population increase