First Nations Timeline

Events

Established

1620

The first residential schools are established and are officially approved by the government.

Created

1880

A department of Indian affairs is made by the Canadian government, for running the school system and reports.

Many Schools

1880 - 1996

Many residential schools, about 150 operate in Canada. The last one closed in 1996.

A Demand and Rejection

1909

The First Nations send an application to King Henery II, demanding that the Privy Council determine the aboriginal title. The request was denied.

Tried and Blocked

1927

The Indian Act tries to make it illegal for aboriginal people to raise money or obtain lawyers/land, but thankfully, is stopped by the effective political court.

15 Schools

1975

Only 15 residential schools are open in Canada by now, attended by Aboriginal students. The evaluations of the schools and whether to use them or not are being made.

Treaty Signed

1992

Cheif Joe Mathias signs an agreement with the federal and B.C governments on behalf of the original. This established a new process for negotiating treaties with First Nations.

Money Apology

1998

The federal government issues a statement stating a resolution amending the pain and suffering of residential schools to the aboriginal. They issue 350 million dollars to the Abgroinal Healing Foundation.

Apology

2008

Stephen Harper, our former prime minister apologies to First Nations with a memorable speech and declarations.

Launches

2008

The government launches an Indian Residential Schools Truth and Recolantion Commissions.