3 block spanish1 Oh! Omotosho Colombia

Main

settlement

500 B.C

Chibcha indian tribes settle in the central highlands of Colombia

spanish arrival

1525

The first permanent settlement in South America was founded at Santa Marta by Rodrigo de Bastidas

spanish conquest

1535

Spanish conquest of Colombia begins and the first permanent settlement in South America was founded at Santa Marta

Andes Expedition

1536 - 1538

Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada (1509-1579) leads an expedition into the Andes and obtains massive amounts of emeralds and gold

conquered territory

1538

Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada founded Bogota as the capital of the 'New Kingdom of Granada'.

leadership

1550

Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada was appointed Marshal of New Granada and councillor of Bogotá for life. He died in 1579

Vicerroyalty

1717

colombia is combined in with neighboring territories.The Viceroyalty of New Granada consisted of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama.

independence

1810

Citizens in Bogota rebel against spanish rule, proclaiming an official act of independence july 20

defeat of royalist forces

1819

August 7: General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of Boyaca
December 17: The Republic of Colombia (also known as Gran Colombia) is proclaimed consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
Colombia gains its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar becomes the first Colombian president

separation

1830

Ecuador and Venezuela became totally independent from Gran Colombia

end slavery

1853

Colombia adopts a constitution which abolishes slavery

Civil war

1899

1899-1902: The War of the Thousand Days took place

U.S alliance

1903

Panama seceded from Colombia with US backing and allows US control over the land now known as the Panama Canal zone

loss

1922

The USA paid Colombia $25 million for the loss of Panama