Chibcha indian tribes settle in the central highlands of Colombia
The first permanent settlement in South America was founded at Santa Marta by Rodrigo de Bastidas
Spanish conquest of Colombia begins and the first permanent settlement in South America was founded at Santa Marta
Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada (1509-1579) leads an expedition into the Andes and obtains massive amounts of emeralds and gold
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada founded Bogota as the capital of the 'New Kingdom of Granada'.
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada was appointed Marshal of New Granada and councillor of Bogotá for life. He died in 1579
colombia is combined in with neighboring territories.The Viceroyalty of New Granada consisted of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama.
Citizens in Bogota rebel against spanish rule, proclaiming an official act of independence july 20
August 7: General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of Boyaca
December 17: The Republic of Colombia (also known as Gran Colombia) is proclaimed consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
Colombia gains its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar becomes the first Colombian president
Ecuador and Venezuela became totally independent from Gran Colombia
Colombia adopts a constitution which abolishes slavery
1899-1902: The War of the Thousand Days took place
Panama seceded from Colombia with US backing and allows US control over the land now known as the Panama Canal zone
The USA paid Colombia $25 million for the loss of Panama