Fall of Rome

Events

Age of Chaos

235 - 284 CE

Military leaders usurped power, rulers died of unnatural causes, revolts, plagues, fires, Christian persecutions.

Tetrarchy

285 - 305 CE

Diocletian splits the Roman Empire in 2, and adds junior emperors, so there are 4 caesars. When Diocletian and Maximian abdicate, there is civil war.

Milvian Bridge

306 - 337 CE

In 312, Constantine defeats his co-emperor at the Milvian Bridge, and becomes sole ruler in the West. Later Constantine defeats the Eastern ruler and becomes sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Constantine establishes Christianity and creates a capital for the Roman Empire in the East, in Constantinople.

Fall of Official Paganism

360 - 363

Julian the Apostate attempts to reverse the religious trend to Christianity. He fails and dies in the East fighting the Parthians.

Battle of Adrianople

August 9, 378

Eastern Roman Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths.

East-West Split

379 - 395

Theodosius reunites the Empire, but it doesn't last beyond his reign. At his death, the empire is divided by his sons, Arcadius, in the East, and Honorius, in the West.

Sack of Rome

401 - 410

Visigoths make incursions into Italy and in the end, under Alaric, sack Rome. This is one date given for the Fall of Rome.

Vandals Sack North Africa

429 - 435

Vandals, under Gaiseric, attack northern Africa, cutting off Roman grain supply.

Huns Attack

440 - 454

Huns threaten Rome, are paid off, and then attack, making Rome and the army weak.

Vandals Sack Rome

455 AD

Vandals plunder Rome but, by agreement, injure few people or buildings.

Fall of the Emperor of Rome

476 AD

Last western emperor, Romulus Augustulus, is deposed by the barbarian general Odoacer who then rules Italy.