African Americans were not US citizens and did not have the right to sue in federal court. Congress could not ban slavery in US territories.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Segregation was Constitutional provided that conditions were 'separate but equal'
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex
The Supreme Court ruled that the internment of Japanese Americans was Constitutional
The Fourteenth Amendment protects citizens of all races, not just white and African American
first and only Mexican-American civil rights case
Outlawed segregation in public schools.
Outlaws discrimination based on race, religion, sex, etc.
Overruled discriminatory legal barriers prohibiting African Americans from being able to vote.
The administrators of estates cannot be name in such a way that discriminates by gender
Forbade discrimination based on gender. Passed Congress but wasn't ratified by Southern states.
the Supreme Court upheld the Constitutionality of affirmative action
Prohibits discrimination due to disabilities.
All racial classifications must have a compelling purpose.
Civil Rights Landmarks not mentioned on our outline sheet
Illinois becomes the first state in the union to legalize homosexuality.
Marked the beginning of the gay rights movement after a police raid against the gay community
Allowed LGBT individuals to serve in the military as long as they weren't open about it (repealed in 2011)
Same-sex marriage is legalized in all fifty states
Ongoing case deciding a company's right to refuse service based on sexual orientation.