Pedro de Alvarado comes to conquer Guatemala for the king of Spain. He finds warring tribes and crushes them with his armies, including the remaining highland kingdoms of the Quiche and Cakchiquel Maya.
Guatemala City, the present capital of Guatemala, is founded.
Guatemala declares independence from Spain.
President Manuel Estrada Cabrera
1898 - 1920
President Manuel Estrada Cabrera rules as a dictator, a period of social extremes as described in Nobel Prize- winning author Miguel Angel Asturias' novel, El Senor Presidente.
U.S sponsored invasion
A united States- sponsored invasion leads to overthrow of Guatemala's president, Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzman.
A new, more democratic constitution
The Guatemalan government drafts a new, more democratic constitution after the U.S cuts of further aid to the military.
The government and guerilla groups sign peace Accords, ending 36 years of civil war.
Two-thirds of Guatemala's eligible voters elect Alfonso Portillo, who promises to continue reforming the army and protecting human right.
In September, the United Nations verification mission (MINUGUA) called on Guatemala authorities to investigate deadly violence and human-rights abuses surrounding the eviction of squatters from a farm in the southern province of Retallhuleu.