Egypt and Syria launch a coordinated attack on Israel.
- Nixon thinks Israel is the only free and democratic state in the region, and US only ally in the Levant
- Sadat recently comes to power after death of Nasser
- Sadat thinks Egypt has two main threats: Cold war context and Israeli strength (including its backing by the US)
- He wants to reduce Israel's strength
- Egypt had lost a lot of territory to Israel in the war of 1967