Time of Jesus
4 bc - 32 ad
Persecution of Christians by Jewish authorities, largely ceases by 70 AD when Jerusalem destroyed, after that point Roman persecution is the problem.
32 ad - 70 ad
Time period described by acts and apostles
32 ad - 60 ad
Conversion Saul to Paul
33 ad - 36 ad
Life of St. Clemente of Rome
35 ad - 99 ad
Life of St. Ignatius of Antioch
35 ad - 108 ad
First NT documents written (I Thessalonians and Galatians), entire New Testament probably completed by 100 AD.
Council of Jerusalem
Age of “Apolistic Fathers”
50 ad - 150 ad
Age of “Church Fathers”
50 ad - 700 ad
Christianity starts spreading throughout Mediterranean and Middle East, occasional persecution of Christians by local Roman authorities begins, followed by escalating persecutions at imperial level. C
First Jewish-Roman War, eventually Rome puts Jerusalem under siege and Christians start leaving for other regions before total destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Gospel spreads elsewhere.
63 ad - 70 ad
Widespread local and sometimes imperial Roman persecution of Christians.
64 ad - 313 ad
Great Fire of Rome, Neronian Persecution (first empire-wide persecution), Nero blames Christians for fire, orders persecution, Peter and Paul and others martyred.
Life of St. Polycarp
69 ad - 156 ad
Life of St. Justin Martyr
100 ad - 165 ad
Life of St. Anthony
251 ad - 356 ad
Life of arius
256 ad - 336 ad
Life of St. Athanasius
296 ad - 373 ad
“Great Persecution,” under Emperor Diocletian, worst of all imperial persecutions.
303 - 313
Emperor Constantine sees vision of Cross in sky at Battle of Milvian Bridge, with words “By this sign you will conquer.” Orders Cross painted on soldiers’ shields, wins battle, converts to Christianit
Constantine signs Edict of Milan, granting Christianity status of religio licita (legal religion), ending official imperial persecution. Christians still minority in Empire, but now have some legal pr
Council of Nicea. Arianism (belief that Jesus was created) condemned, Nicene Creed adopted.
Life of St. Cyril (Bishop of Alexandria, supporter of idea that Christ has two natures united in one person, argued against Nestorius).
376 ad - 444 ad
Emperor Theodosius signs Edict of Thessalonica, making Christianity official religion of Roman Empire. Still permissible to be pagan, but eventually Rome becomes Christianized.
First Council of Constantinople. Pneumatomachianism (belief that Holy Spirit was not co-equal with Son and Father) condemned, lines about Holy Spirit added to Nicene Creed.
Life of Nestorius (Bishop of Constantinople, supporter of idea that Christ has two natures divided in one person, argued against Cyril).
386 ad - 450 ad
Council of Ephesus. Mary affirmed as Theotokos (Mother of God).
Council of Chalcedon. Christ’s two natures (human and divine) united in one person affirmed, tries to reconcile positions of Cyril and Nestorius.