Blackheath HC (hockey club) was founded in London in 1849 as the first professional field hockey club.
By an English woman, Constance M.K. Applebee. She spread the game to Vassar, Wellesley, Holyoke, Radcliffe, and Bryn Mawr Colleges.
It competed with English clubs.
Only women could sign/compete with this original association.
As the governing body for the men’s game.
Although a certain boycott prevented them from participating.
Which is the official field hockey organization recognized by the Olympic Committee.