sails far as Icy Cape, names Bering Strait, using initially as a source Stahlin’s preposterous 1774 “Very accurate little Map” “Of the New Northern Archipelago.”
First 10 arrive at Kodiak. Requested by Shelekhov
Ioann Veniaminov comes to Alaska
gives Yankees rights for ten years in Russian waters, recognizes 54-40 as southern limit of Russian America.
gives GB right to trade for 10 years. “In essence the two conventions (1824/1825) spelled the beginning of the end of Russian America.” (p. 75)
Hudson Bay gets leased the South East of Alaska
Even more Naval control over the merchants
Russian v. France, Britain, Ottoman Empire
Military rule followed b Treasury Department rule. No civil government
According to Gruening "Era of Total Neglect" Army ruled for first ten years, then Treasury Department and Navy rule briefly. No representative gov, no civil government, no land laws
First Organic Act creates post of appointed governor and district court judge
Not a territory
Created the District of Alaska. Only district ever created in the US. Intent was to save on governance. Provided for only a shadow of a civil government with no rights over legislation or tax revenue.
Makes it impossible to govern the growing area
Congress extends the Act to Alaska, but doesn't have any practical impact.
Supreme Court "Incorporates" Alaska. Incorporated territory rather than unicorporated. Supposedly same rights as the states. Cannot be let go of.
establishes Alaska Civil Code. Towns can incorporate, first legal representative bodeis. Took awhile for cities to incorporate due to fear of greater tax burden.
Alaska Civil Code permits towns/cities to incorporate. Alaska Delegate Act establishes elective position of Delegate in Congress (position lasts from 1906 to statehood)
Decides the final SE border of Alaska
Surveying of Alaska begins
given the right to elect a (non-voting)Delegate to Congress Frank Wasky and Tom Cale were initial two delegates
Judge James Wickersham was elected as Alaska's delegate to congress. He was a powerful advocate for Alaskan issues. He win passage of Second Organic Act
Official declaration of Territory of Alaska. Elected legistlature, but appointed governor.
No control of natural resources. expressly forbidden to establish counties so they couldn't levy local taxes on resources.
Second Organic Act creates Territory of Alaska w/elected legislature
The first act of the first legislative session granted women the right to vote.
Major increase in federal investment
1,500 Natives died during epidemic on the Seward Peninsula
regulations on Alaska fisheries
Started with Elemendorf Field in Anchorage
passed by a 3-2 margin
Alaska gains statehood