timeline

Events

Old kingdom

2700 B.C.E. - 2200 B.C.E

This period was known as the “Age of the pyramids”.They established a strong central government and they built tombs for their rulers.

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E.

Not much was known about Pharaoh Khufu but he was a harsh ruler and was known for building pyramids.He created a centralized government and controlled the food supply.Khufu declared himself as god

Akkdian Empire

2300 B.C.E - 2100 B.C.E.

The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E.Their first leader was sargon.the Akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations.This achievement was important because it helped Sargon win territory to expand his empire. the Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3d sculpture.This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of sumerian language and their sculptures created stelse to document history.

Middle kingdom

2000 B.C.E. - 1800 B.C.E

sometimes called period of reunification cause it followed years of chaos and disunity during this era

Pharaoh Senusret I

1971 B.C.E. - 1926 B.C.E.

Pharaohs Senusret greatest accomplishments was a white chapel.It was made of alabaster,a all white stone.Historian think that chapel was originally covered in a thin layer of gold.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E. - 1595 B.C.E

The next King to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of Akkadian Empire was Hammurabi and his capital city was Babylon.The Babylonian political achievement of the code of Hammurabi that were laws.This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order.the Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood,gold,silver,precious,gems and livestock.This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.

New kingdom

1600 B.C.E - 1100 B.C.E

Often called Egyptians golden age during this time of peace and stability ancient Egypt power reached its height.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

1473 B.C.E. - 1458 B.C.E.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut greatest accomplishments was her rise to the power since few women had become Egyptian Pharaohs. She shared power with male relatives,she soon achieved sole leadership.

Pharaoh Ramses II

1290 B.C.E. - 1224 B.C.E.

The Temple Complex at Abu the main temple was carved into the side of the cliff that was on bank of the Nile River.Four giant status of a seated ramses framed the entrance of the main temple. The sun aligned with entrance allowing beams of sunlight to shine down the walls and illuminate the statues.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E. - 612 B.C.E

Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River.The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountains to the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountains.Assyrian military achievement of the use of horses,iron weapons for battle,and siege warfare.This achievement was important because They came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer.The cultural achievements of the Assyrian cultural achievement of art and architecture.This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian empire lasted for about 300 years. The Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E

The babylonians regained control of the lands of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians. Nebuchadnezzar ll.the Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around babylonian.This achievement was important because it kept the capital from invaders. the Neo-babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy.This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time.